Australian resident individual income tax rates for 2019 have changed from 2018 rates and the Medicare Levy rate remains at 2%.  Consequently, for resident individuals this means if you don’t have private health insurance you could pay a further 3.5% tax on your income.  Foreign resident individual tax rates for 2019 have changed from 2018 rates.  For further details click on Medicare calculator   Comprehensive tax calculator   Simple tax calculator   Individual tax rates